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Interprofessionality as the field of interprofessional practice and interprofessional education: An  Site Reviews(0)
Abstract This paper proposes a new concept and a frame of reference that should permit the development of a better understanding of a phenomenon that is the development of a cohesive and integrated health care practice among professionals in response to clients’ needs. The concept is named ‘‘interprofessionality’’ and aims to draw a clear distinction with another concept, that of interdisciplinarity. The utilization of the concept of interdisciplinarity, which originally concerns the development of integrated knowledge in response to fragmented disciplinary knowledge, has caused some confusion. We need a concept that will specifically concern the development of a cohesive practice among different professionals from the same organization or from different organizations and the factors influencing it. There is no concept that focuses clearly on this field. Interprofessionality concerns the processes and determinants that influence interprofessional education initiatives as well as determinants and processes inherent to interprofessional collaboration. Interprofessionality also involves analysis of the linkages between these two spheres of activity. An attempt to bridge the gap between interprofessional education and interprofessional practice is long overdue; the two fields of inquiry need a common basis for analysis. To this end, we propose a frame of reference, an interprofessional education for collaborative patient-centred practice framework. The framework establishes linkages between the determinants and processes of collaboration at several levels, including links among learners, teachers and professionals (micro level), links at the organizational level between teaching and health organizations (meso level) and links among systems such as political, socio-economic and cultural systems (macro level). Research must play a key role in the development of interprofessionality in order to document these linkages and the results of initiatives as they are proposed and implemented. We also believe that interprofessionality will not be pursued without the requisite political will. Keywords: Interprofessional education, interprofessional collaboration, interprofessionality, framework
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 0
International Journal on E-Learning  Site Reviews(0)
Advances in technology and the growth of e-learning to provide educators and trainers with unique opportunities to enhance learning and teaching in corporate, government, healthcare, and higher education. IJEL serves as a forum to facilitate the international exchange of information on the current research, development, and practice of e-learning in these sectors.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 31
Influence of Personality on Online Discussion  Site Reviews(0)
Online collaborative learning has typically been studied within the context of learning communities. Little is known about the potential influence of students’ personalities on online communication, group interaction, and task engagement among members of a learning community. This study used a mixed-method, triangulation design, involving the collection and analysis of both quantitative and qualitative data, to investigate the effects of personality on communication type and pattern, message length, task engagement, and student attitude toward online learning. Seventy students were organized into four personality-profile groups based on their Five Factor Personality Test scores, for the discussion of assigned case studies. Discussion messages were analyzed using Logistical Regressions for communication type and pattern, ANOVAs for message length, and Z-tests for pairwise comparisons for task engagement. The results indicate that personality affects communication type, pattern and task engagement but not message length. Students’ attitudes toward online discussion were generally positive. The results provide guidelines for forming groups and designing activities for online collaborative learning.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 27
Integrated Postsecondary Edacation Data System (IPEDS)  Site Reviews(0)
The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), established as the core postsecondary education data collection program for NCES, is a system of surveys designed to collect data from all primary providers of postsecondary education. IPEDS is a single, comprehensive system designed to encompass all institutions and educational organizations whose primary purpose is to provide postsecondary education. The IPEDS system is built around a series of interrelated surveys to collect institution-level data in such areas as enrollments, program completions, faculty, staff, and finances.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 26
IPEDS Executive Peer Tool and Peer Analysis System  Site Reviews(0)
IPEDS Peer Analysis System enables a user to compare a LinchPin institution of the user’s choosing to a group of peer institutions, by generating reports using selected IPEDS variables of interest.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 54
IPEDS College Opportunities On-line (COOL)  Site Reviews(0)
IPEDS College Opportunities On-line (COOL) presents data on institution prices, financial aid, enrollment, and type of programs that are offered by the institution. IPEDS COOL is designed to help college students, future students, and their parents understand the differences between colleges and how much it costs to attend college.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 24
Institute for Community College Development  Site Reviews(0)
The Institute for Community College Development will provide educational and professional development opportunities for current or future administrators and faculty members of community colleges and of their peer institutions in the United States and around the world. The Institute will support the analysis of educational, social, political, and economic issues of particular importance and concern to community colleges and their peer institutions by conducting high quality and timely research and communicating the conclusions and policy implications of this research through consulting and outreach services.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 31
This study examines the effects of individualcharacteristics, institutional characteristics andexperiences, and financial aid measures onAfrican-American and white college students'' degreeaspirations. The main theoretical foundations for this studyare the status attainment models developed in the early1970s and Weidman''s (1989) model of undergraduatesocialization. The study used the BeginningPostsecondary Students (BPS:90/92) data set, and the findingsshow that regression models between the two groups havemany similarities: Students'' aspirations are mostly theresult of socioeconomic factors, initial degree aspirations, and institutional characteristics.Financial aid measures are not significant predictors ofaspirations for African-American students, although workstudy awards and fewer hours per week spent working significantly affect white students''aspirations. There are quite a few differences betweenthe groups'' regression models. For instance,intellectual selfconfidence has opposite effects onaspirations for African-American and white students.African-American enrollment and faculty contactpositively affect AfricanAmerican students'' aspirations,while tuition cost and peer contact have positiveeffects on white students'' aspirations.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 44
Influences on Community College Students' Educational Plans  Site Reviews(0)
This study analyzed data from 285 students attending 5 community colleges to identify the institutional and college experience variables influencing end-of-first-year educational degree plans. Controlling for an extensive array of important confounding influences, the estimated average precollege degree plans of students at the community college one attended had significant, positive total and direct effects on an individual student's end-of-first-year overall educational degree plans and plans to obtain at least a bachelor's degree. In the prediction of end-of-first-year overall educational degree plans, there were significant conditional effects involving sex, race, and precollege degree plans.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 44
Improving Access to the Baccalaureate  Site Reviews(0)
The two national associations representing the majority of public postsecondary institutions and more than 10 million students, recently formed a partnership to bring greater focus to the problem of access and to encourage both expanded dialogue and informed action. With funding from the Lumina Foundation for Education, the American Association of Community Colleges and the American Association of State Colleges and Universities launched an 18-month initiative called “Access to the Baccalaureate.” The Access project set three major goals: to identify nonfinancial barriers to baccalaureate access, to make recommendations for removing such barriers, and to work at appropriate levels to implement solutions. To achieve these goals, the partnership developed and implemented a number of key components: a research study to assess attitudes and perceived barriers; a national conference engaging experts from twoand four-year institutions, state systems, and states to analyze the survey’s findings and contribute their own insights; and a strategic information dissemination program via a summative publication, an interactive Web site, and a “meeting in a box” model that can be replicated at multiple levels of the higher education spectrum. What was learned from the Access project is both challenging and hopeful. Participants identified five broad categories to define barriers: the nontraditional profile of community college students, differing academic missions and institutional capacity between two-year and four-year institutions, faculty attitudes at sending and receiving institutions, inadequate advising and student support services, and current state and system policy decisions. Central to a formidable list of barriers are lack of understanding and open communication between sectors. Many university faculty assume a lack of rigor in community college instruction and a lack of equivalency in course offerings. For their part, many community college faculty maintain a defensiveness and decry the ivory tower attitude of their four-year counterparts. Endemic in these so-called turf battles is a lack of ongoing dialogue and clear communication of curricular changes.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 32
Institute for Leadership Development  Site Reviews(0)
ILD developed its Mission Statement in honour of the 1992 Rio Declaration for youth, Agenda 21. Chapter 25 of Agenda 21 recognises that youth and young adults can and should participate in the decision-making processes that affect their environment. ILD strongly supports this declaration and works to uphold it. ILD and its partners provide the means for young leaders to become professionally skilled and socially conscious citizens of the global society. ILD works towards enhancing leadership and professional skills. Participants in ILD's International Leadership and Management Programme (ILM) develop valuable professional skills during intensive work placements with national and international institutions. ILD works to achieve sustainable development through global partnerships. In active partnership with Agencies of the United Nations and a multitude of voluntary, public, and private sector organisations around the world, ILD is committed to initiatives that work towards achieving sustainable development. ILD works to develop a sense of global responsibility.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 34
International Council for International Studies  Site Reviews(0)
The mandate of the ICCS is to promote and support research, education and publications in all fields of Canadian Studies and in all countries. The ICCS network links over 7,000 academics and researchers in fifty-five countries. These "Canadianists" publish hundreds of scholarly articles and books on Canadian topics; organize colloquia, seminars and conferences on Canada; and through their teaching and seminars reach over 150,000 students. Her Excellency The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson, C.C., C.M.M., C.D., Governor General of Canada and His Excellency John Ralston Saul, C.C., are Patrons of the International Council for Canadian Studies. The ICCS is supported in its fundraising and promotional efforts by the "Friends of the Council," a group of prominent Canadians, chaired by Dr. Victor Rabinovitch. The Secretariat supports the scientific work of its member associations. Its activities include publications, conferences, surveys, media and public relations.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 36
International Credential Assessment Service of Canada  Site Reviews(0)
In 2003, ICAS celebrated its tenth anniversary. A Canadian federally incorporated company, we are committed to providing reliable information that will help individuals achieve personal, career and educational goals and help employers, educational institutions, immigration authorities, community agencies and other organizations to understand international credentials. We believe that these services should be easily accessible to individuals and organizations. To accomplish this, we have maintained a fee structure which is reasonable and established access centres throughout Ontario. ICAS annually provides over 10, 000 assessments for secondary, postsecondary and technical qualifications
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 33
International Credential Evaluation Service  Site Reviews(0)
Many people who come to live and work in Canada bring with them very high levels of education. Unfortunately, this education may not be recognized by those who don't understand how international credentials compare to our provincial and national systems. The International Credential Evaluation Service (ICES) was established in 1995, with start-up funding from the provincial government of British Columbia, to help people gain the recognition they need to pursue their career and educational goals in Canada. Using well-established evaluation methodologies, ICES evaluates the credentials of people who have studied in other provinces or countries and determines comparable levels in British Columbia and Canadian terms. The results of an ICES assessment are provided in evaluation reports that are objective, consistent, and reliable.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 43
Internet Public Library  Site Reviews(0)
This is the home page for the Internet Public Library. From this page you can access online newspapers around the world and magazines and serials that will provide you with articles on specific topics in specific disciplines.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 23
InfoPlease  Site Reviews(0)
Combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, and several up-to-the minute almanacs loaded with statistics, facts, and historical records, Information Please places the resources of an entire reference information center at your fingertips. Their staff of editors and researchers continuously updates and refines this enormous body of information – as well as adding new discoveries and identifying trends – to bring you the most reliable and authoritative information. They will keep you up-to-date.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 24
International Society for Technology in Education  Site Reviews(0)
ISTE is a nonprofit professional organization with a worldwide membership of leaders and potential leaders in educational technology. We are dedicated to providing leadership and service to improve teaching and learning by advancing the effective use of technology in K–12 education and teacher education. We provide our members with information, networking opportunities, and guidance as they face the challenge of incorporating computers, the Internet, and other new technologies into their schools.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 26
Issues In Higher Education  Site Reviews(0)
The Americian Association of University Professors addresses a wide variety of issues in higher education as we work to safeguard academic freedom and quality higher education.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 0
The Impact and Effectiveness of Interprofessional Education  Site Reviews(1)
Literature review of interprofessional education
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 0
A Preliminary Survey of Interprofessional Education  Site Reviews(0)
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to review the literature on interprofessional education (IPE) and report on a preliminary survey of the current status of interprofessional education in seven academic health centers (AHCs) that have schools of dentistry associated with them. There is wide variability in interpretation of the term “interprofessional,” and many barriers to interprofessional education exist including already overcrowded curricula in health professions schools, lack of support from faculty and administration, and financial constraints. Based on interviews completed at the authors’ home institutions, it was recommended that topics such as ethics, communication skills, evidence-based practice, and informatics could be effectively taught in an interprofessional manner. Currently, some academic health centers are attempting to develop interprofessional education programs, but most of these efforts do not include dental students. Of the seven AHCs investigated in this study, only two had formal interprofessional educational activities that involved students from two or more health professions education programs. Dental school participants in this study professed a strong interest in interprofessional programs, but many interviewees from other professional schools and AHC administrators perceived that the dental school was isolated from other schools and disinterested in IPE. Many health care setting models in the future will include dentists as part of an interdisciplinary health care team; consequently, it is important for dental schools to become an active participant in future interprofessional educational initiatives. Dr. Rafter is Associate Professor and Director of Predoctoral Endodontics, Department of Cariology, Restorative Sciences, and Endodontics, University of Michigan; Dr. Pesun is Associate Professor, Division of Prosthodontics, Department of Restorative Sciences, University of Minnesota; Dr. Herren is Assistant Professor, OHP/Restorative Dentistry and Clinical Team Leader, University of Kentucky School of Dentistry; Dr. Linfante is Assistant Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry and Director of Predoctoral Admissions and Student Recruitment, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey; Dr. Mina is Professor and Chair, Division of Pediatric Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Orthodontics, Pediatric Dentistry, and Advanced General Dentistry, University of Connecticut; Dr. Wu is Associate Dean for Research and Professor of Periodontics, University of Illinois at Chicago; and Dr. Casada is Professor and Interim Chair, Department of Diagnostic Sciences, Prosthodontics, and Restorative Dentistry, University of Louisville. Direct correspondence and requests for reprints to Dr. Igor Pesun, University of Minnesota, 9-450B Moos Tower, 515 Delaware Street, SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455; 612-625-3924 phone; 612-625-1496 fax; [email protected] Key words: dental education, interprofessional education
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 0
Emerging themes: an exploratoryresearch project of an interprofessional education module for medical  Site Reviews(0)
This paper will detail themes emerging from the first stage analysis of a project that wascommissioned by the Department of Health. In evaluating the effectiveness of interprofessional teaching and learning opportunities for undergraduate medical, dental and nursing students, the project will also reveal wider institutional problems and opportunities in shared curriculum development. The research focuses on an existing Community Module within the medical and dental curriculum, which has incorporated BSc nursing students. Based on pre-module focus groups, semi-structured interviews and an extract from a reflective project diary, the paper will describe the emerging themes of personal interest to the researchers concerning student perceptions and expectations of their shared learning. This early data suggests that in their first term at college, the students reveal inconsistencies in their stereotypical attitudes towards the ‘status’ of their intended professions. They also demonstrate attitudes that challenge traditional views. The students also offer similar discrepancies in their views on the value of interprofessional learning. It would be premature to draw any firm conclusions from this preliminary analysis of selected data. However, the analysis provides early evidence of the key cultural, professional and institutional issues central to the planning and implementation of interprofessional curricula.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 0
Interprofessional education: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes (Review)  Site Reviews(0)
Training health and social care professionals to work together effectively Health and social care professionals, such as doctors, nurses, physiotherapists and social workers, need to work together effectively to take care of patients effectively. Unfortunately, professionals may not always work well together. Training and educational programmes have been developed as a possible way to improve how professionals work together to take care of patients. Interprofessional education (IPE) is any type of educational, training, teaching or learning session in which two or more health and social care professions are learning interactively. This review found six studies that evaluated the effects of IPE. Four of these studies found that IPE improved some ways in how professionals worked together and the care they provided. It improved the working culture in an emergency department and patient satisfaction; decreased errors in an emergency department; improved themanagement of the care delivered to domestic violence victims; and improved the knowledge and skills of professionals providing care to mental health patients. But two of those four studies also found that IPE had little to no effect on other areas. Two other studies found that IPE had little to no effect at all. The studies evaluated different types of IPE and were not of high quality. It is, therefore, difficult to be certain about the effect of IPE and to understand the key features of IPE to train health and social care professionals to work together effectively. Interprofessional education:
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 0
Interupting High School and Returning to Education     Site Reviews(0)
The Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP) is an ongoing initiative of the Canadian Education Statistics Council (CESC), a partnershp between Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (CMEC), to provide a set of statistical measures on education systems in Canada. This fact sheet reports on the proportion of young adults who have left high school without a diploma and, among them, the proportions who have returned to obtain a high -school diploma and who progressed to postsecondary education. It presents data for Canada and the provinces from the Youth in Transition Survey (YITS).
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 0
Impact: Journal of Applied Research in Workplace E-learning  Site Reviews(0)
Impact has been established to address the paucity of research publication avenues with a particular emphasis on e-learning in organisational and workplace settings. It publishes both refereed and non-refereed contributions from both researchers and practitioners relating to the design, implementation, evaluation and management of workplace e-learning across a range of sectors and industries. One special issue will be published in the journal's first year of operation (2009). This will increase to two issues in 2010, followed by quarterly publication in 2011 and subsequent years. Articles in the first (inaugural) issue will be freely available electronically to the general public as soon as they are published; thereafter, the journal will adopt a delayed open access model, whereby issues published within the last six months will be restricted to viewing by paid subscribers, including financial members of ElNet, while all other content is accessible free-of-charge.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 0
Institutional Change  Site Reviews(0)
AAC&U initiatives and resources are designed to strengthen campus leadership--across traditional boundaries--to align campus expectations, resources, and reward systems with practices that raise the level of student engagement and accomplishment in liberal learning. AAC&U is strongly commited to faculty as key educational leaders and works to strengthen faculty engagement, leadership, and rewards. AAC&U encourages faculty members to develop institutional perspectives and capacities, and works to assist academic leaders, including both faculty members and administrators, as they collaborate to create institutions that are educationally principled, effective, and accountable.
Added: Nov 30, 1999  Last Update: Nov 30, 1999  Category: I    Hits Out: 26
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